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texas's Wildlife

Texas is the most beautiful state or province in North America! It covers greater than 250,000 square miles of prairie, forests, canyon lands, rivers, streams and ocean. It is not only ecologically diverse it is culturally radiant due in no small part to its shared border with Mexico. Texas is home to a vast array of wildlife with opportunities to view and commune with nature around every bend.

Texas is at a critical point in its history in terms of nature. Today, life is slightly different than when settelers first arrived. While some species are still abundant some of our most treasured wildlife species are at crossroads. Through the efforts of wildlife biologists and caring citizens, many of these species will remain a constant source of pleasure for generations to come. However, without some help and care, these species could end up going the way of the passenger pigeon.

A sure example of this is the Atwater’s prairie chickens on the coastal plains. With less than 70 individuals, a catastrophic event could place them into the history books in the category of what once was. If it was not for the help of Texas Parks and Wildlife biologists, caring Texans, private landowners, and partners like the Houston Zoo, this species might already be gone.

The state’s Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Plan provides an exhaustive description of texas’s biodiversity as well as conservation challenges and opportunities.

State Bird
texas's Wildlife
Mockingbird
State Large Mammal
texas's Wildlife
Long Horn
State Small Mammal
texas's Wildlife
Armadillo
State Fish


texas's Wildlife


Guadalupe Bass
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As fire seasons have tended to become longer and fire behavior more severe, questions inevitably arise among the public and media. “Is this the worst fire season ever?” “How does this year compare with otherbad fire seasons?”

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East Gulf Coastal Plain Joint Venture (EGCPJV) prescribed fire communications strategy.  Developed with input from more than 45 prescribed fire/resource management experts throughout the East Gulf Coastal Plain, as well as guidance from the EGCPJV staff and board, the Strategy focuses on achieving three overarching policy, outreach and education goals that address current impediments to the use of prescribed fire.  A total of 30 prescribed fire messages designed to achieve those goals provide background and detailed supporting information to serve as a flexible foundation for future communications and initiatives.

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Policy Resolution 13-04: Western Governors direct the Western Governors’ Wildlife Council to continue its guidance in the development, management and implementation with partners of the state and West-wide CHATs. Western Governors also urge federal agencies to use state fish and wildlife data and analyses as principal sources to inform their land use, land planning and related natural resource decisions, rather than spending scarce resources duplicating existing state data collection efforts.

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This 2nd edition of the NBCI’s annual “State of the Bobwhite” report provides the most comprehensive assessment ever compiled on the current state of bobwhite conservation in the US.

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This first annual “State of the Bobwhite” report by the National Bobwhite Conservation Initiative (NBCI) and the National Bobwhite Technical Committee (NBTC) provides a snapshot of the population, hunting, and conservation status of the northern bobwhite, Colinus virginianus. This report provides an assessment of range-wide bobwhite population and hunting  activity trends as well as state-by-state population, hunting, and management status summaries. Also featured are key perceptions of state quail coordinators on the trends and current status of quail conservation efforts in their state.  These data were compiled in 2011 for the NBCI State Agency Inventory Project.

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Conservation buffers such as filter strips, riparian buffers, grassed waterways, and field borders are especially applicable to southeastern landscapes and have multiple environmental benefits while serving to significantly improve wildlife habitats.

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Summary Findings

  • The Habitat Buffers for Upland Birds practice (CP33) is the first Federal conservation practice to target species-specific population recovery goals of a national wildlife conservation initiative (the Northern Bobwhite Conservation Initiative).
  • Over 14 states, breeding bobwhite densities were 70 to 75 percent greater around CP33 buffered fields than around unbuffered crop fields.
  • Fall bobwhite covey densities were 50 to 110 percent greater around CP33 fields than around unbuffered crop fields, and this positive response to CP33 increased each subsequent year of the study.
  • Several upland songbirds (e.g., dickcissel, field sparrow) responded strongly to CP33 in the landscape.
  • Area-sensitive grassland birds (e.g.,grasshopper sparrow) exhibited little response to CP33 buffers.
  • These findings illustrate the wildlife value of field borders and other buffer practices implemented through EQIP, WHIP, and other conservation programs.
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The conservation provisions of the Farm Bill can produce more consistent positive wildlife habitat benefits when policy (program statutes, rules, practices, and practice standards) is developed in the context of explicit goals identified as part of large-scale conservation initiatives.

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The conservation objective in the Mississippi Alluvial Valley is to provide forested habitat capable of supporting sustainable populations of all forest dependent wildlife species. This report provides recommendations to improve and enhance management activities directed at providing habitat for priority wildlife species.

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For a landscape supporting healthy native bird populations across the LMVJV

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The National Bobwhite Conservation Initiative (NBCI) is the unified range-wide strategy of 25 state wildlife agencies, with numerous conservation group and research institution partners, to achieve widespread restoration of native grassland habitats and huntable populations of wild quail.

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This publication provides technical guidance and practical information for wildlife management beyond planting and managing food plots. 

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Wildlife tourism contributes substantially to the Gulf Coast economy.  Wildlife tourism is defined as (1) guide and outfitter businesses directly serving wildlife watchers, recreational fishers and hunters, and (2) lodging and dining establishments where these clients sleep and eat. Read More »


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Summarizes biology of wild pigs, history of introduction and range of occurence within the U.S., and ecological and economic impacts, with suggestions for management strategies. Read More »


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Report summarizes current status of coastal wetlands and six wildlife species in the Gulf two years after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Read More »


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Fire has shaped Louisiana’s landscape for thousands of years. Native Americans set fires to reduce “rough” vegetation, improve hunting areas and create space for crops. Many fires were started by lightning strikes during spring and fall dry seasons. Even during periods of summer rain, lightning ignited fires in grass, dry leaves and at the base of trees. Across much of Louisiana, these fires maintained coastal prairie, longleaf pine and shortleaf pine/oak/hickory ecosystems. Wildlife was nourished by the diversity of plants that flourished in areas that were frequently burned. The short intervals between fires prevented large accumulations of fuel. This reduced the occurrence of intense fires that could damage or kill large expanses of trees.

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In February 2013, the Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council requested the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) promulgate an emergency rule for the 2013 recreational red snapper season. This emergency rule was implemented on March 25, 2013, and allowed for implementation of state-specific closure authority of the federal exclusive economic zone off states not adopting consistent federal recreational red snapper regulations.
 

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The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) offers a suite of Farm Bill conservation programs and practices that provide incentives to enhance environmental quality on privately-owned agricultural lands. In 2004, the USDA Farm Service Agency (FSA) initiated conservation practice Habitat Buffers for Upland Birds (CP33) under  the continuous sign-up Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) to target recovery of northern bobwhite (Colinus virgianianus) and other upland bird species in row-crop  agricultural landscapes. This was the first CRP practice designed specifically to help meet recovery objectives of a large-scale wildlife conservation initiative and the first to  require a wildlife monitoring component as part of its practice directive. The FSA initially allocated 250,000 CP33 acres to 35 states (increased to 350,000 acres in 2010) to be actively managed over a period of 10 years and charged the Southeast Quail Study Group (SEQSG, now National Bobwhite Technical Committee) with development of a coordinated CP33 monitoring protocol to generate measures of population response for northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) and other priority bird species at multiple spatial scales.

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A Bird Trail is more than a trail in the literal sense.  It is a “necklace” of sites, usually linked by a physiographic feature such as a river, that are united by the theme of “great for bird watching!”  Birding Trails are essentially driving routes that help you get from one prime birding spot to the next.

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The term “early successional habitat” describes the shrubs, trees, and other plants that grow back on the land after older vegetation has been removed or cut back. We can visualize this important habitat type as all the stages of plant growth from open grasslands to young forest. Historically, these habitats were created by natural disturbances, extreme physical conditions such as poor soils or harsh climates, the abandonment of agricultural land, and logging. In recent years, human development has greatly reduced the amount of land available to wildlife, and many of the disturbances that once gave rise to early successional habitat – fire, extensive areas of flooding caused by beavers, and heavy logging – have been suppressed (Trani et al. 2001). As a result, populations of wildlife that need early successional habitat have fallen drastically (Litvaitis, 1993; Thompson & Dessecker, 1997).

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South Texas, the "Last Great Habitat"
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Concerns about conservation of the tropical rainforests and other well-known regions of the world are widely publicized, yet a region of inestimable biological wealth lies relatively unrecognized on the back doorstep of North America. The region lying south of a line from Port O’Connor to Victoria, northwest to San Antonio and west to Del Rio known as “South Texas” is one of the most biologically diverse regions in the world (Fig. ). In fact, it is termed “hyper-diverse” by many ecologists. We feel that conservation of this biological treasure is of urgent concern to policy makers, nature enthusiasts, and the general public throughout the region and nation.

Because virtually all land in South Texas is privately owned, incentives are needed that enable landowners to retain ownership and keep the habitat in an unfragmented condition. These incentives might include conservation easements and tax breaks for wildlife conservation or business ventures focused on outdoor recreation.





Methylmercury is a form of mercury that is found in most freshwater and saltwater fish. In some lakes, rivers, and coastal waters in California, methylmercury has been found in some types of fish at concentrations that may be harmful to human health. The Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) has issued health advisories to fishers and their families giving recommendations on how much of the affected fish in these areas can be safely eaten. In these advisories, women of childbearing age and children are encouraged to be especially careful about following the advice because of the greater sensitivity of fetuses and children to methylmercury. 

Fish are nutritious and should be a part of a healthy, balanced diet. As with many other kinds of food, however, it is prudent to consume fish in moderation. OEHHA provides advice to the public so that people can continue to eat fish without putting their health at risk.
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This report describes the key findings of an analysis of the status and recent changes in ownership size, land  use and property values of private farms, ranches and forestlands in Texas. The goal of this work is to provide  public and private decision makers with the data they need to plan for the conservation of working rural lands  in Texas. Included in this report are four summaries describing results of technical analyses upon which many  of our conclusions are based. Our primary data sources were the Texas State Comptroller of Public Accounts  (who provided a 1992-2001 annual compilation of land use and land value data from 1,032 independent school  districts), and the U.S.D.A. Agricultural Statistics Service. We also obtained data from the U. S. Census Bureau,  U.S.D.A. Natural Resources Inventory, and the U. S. Department of Commerce/Bureau of Economic Analysis–Regional Economic Information System. We used Geographic Information Systems (GIS) base maps obtained from the Texas Natural Resources Information System (TNRIS). This work was made possible by grants to American Farmland Trust from the Meadows Foundation and Houston Endowment, Inc.

Our specific objectives were to:

  • Assess the current status and recent trends in rural land ownership size, land use and property values in Texas;
  • Determine relationships among land size, land use and property values;
  • Develop a map-based simulation model for projecting future trends in rural lands, and use this model to explore  the implications of initiating a Purchase of Development Rights program;
  • Encourage the development of policies for conserving productive rural lands and wildlife habitats in Texas; and
  • Provide public access to these data using a Web site with interactive mapping and custom data queries.
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ABSTRACT—Assessing numerical response of northern bobwhites (Colinus virginianus) to habitat improvement in semi-arid rangeland often is confounded by responses of populations to highly variable patterns of rainfall. During 2 years of above-average rainfall, we investigated abundance of northern bobwhites relative to type of range and treatments to reduce brush on seven ranches in southern Texas. We expected response of populations to treatment of land to be more evident when northern bobwhites were released from constraints of low precipitation. However, main factors dominating abundance were rainfall during the previous growing season and type of range. Greatest numbers of calls were in mid-productivity rangeland (potential production of forage 2,000–3,900 kg/ha), especially sandy loam, clay loam, sandy, and gravelly ridge. Treatments to reduce brush increased abundance of northern bobwhites to a limited extent and were most effective when large blocks of land were treated. Techniques that kill brush (root-plowing) were more successful in increasing populations than top-removal methods (roller-chopping). Leaving strips or mottes (large clumps of living brush and trees) in cleared areas did not enhance populations, although we caution that retaining some brush cover may be important to survival of northern bobwhites in drier years and in situations where herbaceous cover  is less abundant.

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This comprehensive wildlife management planning guidelines provide detailed information on wildlife property tax deductions, habitat control, erosion control. predator control, how to provide supplemental water, food and shelter, as well as a census for the Edwards Plateau and Cross Timbers & Prairies Ecological Regions.

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Excerpts from the Texas Wildlife Action Plan (WAP) applicable to private landowners.

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A range-wide sampling framework and survey method is being developed to estimate total abundance of active leks for the population of LPC. In addition, standard operating procedures are being developed for aerial surveys and ground truthing surveys. The methods are being developed with the assistance of core members of the Lesser Prairie-Chicken Interstate Working Group (LPCIWG). It is anticipated that the plan will be implemented in a pilot study in the  spring of 2012. This study plan and results of the pilot study will provide managers within the Great Plains Landscape Conservation Cooperative (GPLCC) a more consistent approach for trend analyses of abundance of LEPC leks across the species’ range.

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Lesser prairie-chickens and greater sage-grouse depend on large prairie and steppe landscapes shared by agricultural producers, primarily ranching operations. Historically, their ranges were vast, but today wild prairies have dwindled by 90 percent, and sagebrush steppe by 50 percent. Stressors on these landscapes continue and include energy development, subdivision, invasive species, and drought. As a result of this reduction in available habitat, the two species have been added to the list of Candidate Species for Endangered Species Act protection.

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This document describes the different habitat requiremenst of the LPC. It includes descriptions of nesting habitat, brood-rearing habitat, fall/winter habitat, LEPC diet, and predators/diseases.

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This document provides a brief description of the different habitat types or land uses that occur in the Southern Great Plains and their relative importance to the LPC. Included are rangelands, riparian, croplands, and Conservation Reserve Program land uses.

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The goal of the protocol is to consistently monitor trend in vegetation structure on individual properties voluntarily applying management under initiative contract. Closely follow the directions to allow the data to be combined across the ecological regions and assess trend in vegetation at a landscape scale. Monitoring and vegetation protocols below address the Conference Report’s guidance on assessment and monitoring protocols that the SWAT and FO will perform on individual properties.
 

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Populations of Lesser Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus; LEPC) have declined by more than 90%. The main factors precipitating this decline have been the conversion of sand-sage and mixed-grass prairie to agriculture, juniper encroachment,  excessive cattle grazing, and fossil-fuel and suburban development. Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) fields contribute greatly to the remaining habitat of the LEPC; however, approximately three million acres of CRP within the current LEPC distribution will soon expire, and potentially be re-converted to cropland.

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The mission of Western Grassland Initiative is to serve as the primary contributor to the implementation of conservation and management actions, through partnerships and cooperative efforts, resulting in improved species status, grassland habitats, and recreational opportunities for grassland dependent species across North America.

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The overall distribution of the lesser prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus) has declined an estimated 92 percent since settlement by people of European descent and an estimated 78 percent since the early 1960s. Concurrent with this decrease in occupied range, numbers of lesser prairie-chickens have declined at least 90 percent since European settlement, resulting in smaller, more isolated populations. As a consequence of these declines, the lesser prairie-chicken is a candidate for federal listing as a threatened or endangered species.

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Proposed rule; revision and reopening of comment period.

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Lesser prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus) ECOS profile.

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Through Working Lands for Wildlife —a voluntary, incentive-based effort—the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) and its conservation partners will provide landowners with technical and financial assistance to: Restore populations of declining wildlife species. provide farmers, ranchers, and forest managers with regulatory certainty that conservation investments they make today help sustain their operations over the long term, and strengthen and sustain rural economies by restoring and protecting the productive capacity of working lands. Read more about the different focal species here.

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According to the Mississippi Prescribed Fire Council, periodic fire played an important ecological role in shaping southern forests and grasslands. Longleaf pine is the premier example of a native Mississippi ecosystem adapted to fire.  It is also a relict landscape, having been largely replaced with loblolly pine.  At one time, longleaf pine forests covered 90 million acres across the Southeast, but now only scattered remnants totaling 3 million acres remain.  Most are privately owned.  

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This document is a comprehensive range-wide conservation plan (RWP) for the lesser prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus; hereafter LPC). The goal of the RWP is to conserve the LPC for future generations while facilitating continued and uninterrupted economic activity throughout the entire five-state LPC range. The RWP identifies a two-pronged strategy for LPC conservation: (1) the coordinated implementation of incentive-based land owner programs, and (2) the implementation of a mitigation framework which reduces threats and provides resources for off-site conservation.

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A review of bird census techniques opens with the statement that ‘birds are counted for a wide variety of reasons by a bewildering range of methods’. In the southeastern United States, a number of different survey techniques and protocols are used. Some form the foundation of regional, national and international avian monitoring programs, while others have the potential to do so. In order to promote awareness of what programs and protocols are available, this guide summarizes popular, multi-species bird monitoring programs and protocols that are currently used, or could be used, within the Southeast Partners in Flight region.

The guide is meant as a starting point for individuals seeking out information to assess the pros and cons of various protocols in addressing their project objectives. In those cases where the protocols are inextricably linked to a broader monitoring program, the program itself (e.g., North American Breeding Bird Survey) and/or the sampling scheme (e.g., Strategic Multi-scale Grassland Bird Population Monitoring) is summarized along with the protocol. Our focus was primarily on those protocols designed to measure abundance and demographic parameters.

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texas's Wildlife Texas Conservation Action Plan (TCAP)
Also known as the Texas Wildlife Action plan (TWAP) or Texas Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy (TXCWCS)

The Texas Conservation Action Plan's purpose is to provide a statewide "roadmap" for research, restoration, management and recovery projects addressing Species of Greatest Conservation Need (SGCN) and important habitats. "SGCN" include terrestrial, freshwater, and marine birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, invertebrates (like insects and freshwater mussels), fishes, plants and plant communities. The goal of the Plan is ultimately to conserve and improve the status of these species and, as possible, prevent listings under the Endangered Species Act. The Conservation Action Plan has elements for anyone interested in conservation in Texas, not just Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD).

Outline of the Texas Conservation Action Plan

Wildlife and Habitat Management in texas
Whether you grow tomatoes, irrigate rice, sell sod, raise cattle, tend orchards, own forest, cut timber, run a hunt club or feed wildlife, in some way you manage habitat. “Best management practices” (BMPs) are available to assist landowners with planning, implementing and managing their land.

Developed by experienced practitioners, and management and research organizations, these management tools are based on the best available science. BMPs will often save landowners money in the long term even as they improve conditions for wildlife in the short term.


Best Management Practice Downloads
The following are a selection of BMPs culled from various national, regional, state and local sources. Each is available for download as a pdf.
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Texas has over 191,000 miles of waterways with riparian areas – the green vegetation zones along creeks, rivers and lakes – that provide great economic, social, cultural and environmental value to the state.  Proper management of these areas can reverse years of neglect and result in improved water quality and stable reservoir capacity.  Recommendations given herein are focused on central and eastern Texas and include restoration techniques, plant species selection, monitoring methods, and grazing and cropland management. 

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East Gulf Coastal Plain Joint Venture (EGCPJV) prescribed fire communications strategy.  Developed with input from more than 45 prescribed fire/resource management experts throughout the East Gulf Coastal Plain, as well as guidance from the EGCPJV staff and board, the Strategy focuses on achieving three overarching policy, outreach and education goals that address current impediments to the use of prescribed fire.  A total of 30 prescribed fire messages designed to achieve those goals provide background and detailed supporting information to serve as a flexible foundation for future communications and initiatives.

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Conservation buffers such as filter strips, riparian buffers, grassed waterways, and field borders are especially applicable to southeastern landscapes and have multiple environmental benefits while serving to significantly improve wildlife habitats.

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Summary Findings

  • The Habitat Buffers for Upland Birds practice (CP33) is the first Federal conservation practice to target species-specific population recovery goals of a national wildlife conservation initiative (the Northern Bobwhite Conservation Initiative).
  • Over 14 states, breeding bobwhite densities were 70 to 75 percent greater around CP33 buffered fields than around unbuffered crop fields.
  • Fall bobwhite covey densities were 50 to 110 percent greater around CP33 fields than around unbuffered crop fields, and this positive response to CP33 increased each subsequent year of the study.
  • Several upland songbirds (e.g., dickcissel, field sparrow) responded strongly to CP33 in the landscape.
  • Area-sensitive grassland birds (e.g.,grasshopper sparrow) exhibited little response to CP33 buffers.
  • These findings illustrate the wildlife value of field borders and other buffer practices implemented through EQIP, WHIP, and other conservation programs.
Read More »


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The conservation provisions of the Farm Bill can produce more consistent positive wildlife habitat benefits when policy (program statutes, rules, practices, and practice standards) is developed in the context of explicit goals identified as part of large-scale conservation initiatives.

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Review of the available literature on the ecological and economic impact of ecosystem services provided by  bats. Read More »


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Summarizes biology of wild pigs, history of introduction and range of occurence within the U.S., and ecological and economic impacts, with suggestions for management strategies. Read More »


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Northern Bobwhites (Colinus virginianus) were once common, even abundant, on farms, rangelands and forests across more than 30 states. Bobwhites have declined an average of 3% per year since 1966, and have virtually disappeared from some northern states. The last strongholds are portions of the western states with significant native habitats and quail-friendly land-use patterns, or other locales where bobwhite management is a priority on agricultural or plantation lands. Over most of the species’ range, the decline of wild bobwhite populations has relegated quail hunting to memories. The next few decades may be our last opportunity to halt the declines, stem widespread localized extinctions of bobwhites, and restore populations enough to create new memories for many.

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This brief University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture publication includes tips for developing a management plan and actual practices for habitat management.  It includes sections on special habitat types, tips on native species, food plots, pesticide use, snags, brush piles, supplemental feeding, water and nest boxes of many kinds. Read More »


From The Heinz Center, this 2008 lengthy publication is targeted to land managers who practice adaptive management.

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A Prescribed Fire Association is a group of landowners and other concerned citizens that form a partnership to conduct prescribed burns. Prescribed burning is the key land management tool used to restore and maintain native plant communities to their former diversity and productivity for livestock production and wildlife habitat. Native prairies, shrublands, and forests supply the majority of livestock forage and much of the wildlife habitat in the U.S. Without fire, many native plant communities become dysfunctional and unproductive. Research has clearly shown that there is no substitute for fire. 

Many forest and grassland ecosystems are fire dependent and not burning is poor land management.  Why do not more people use prescribed fire to manage their land? First, fire was not part of the European culture that settled in post-Columbian America. Fire exclusion and fire suppression has been engrained in our society for years and popularized by the very successful Smokey the Bear ad campaign. The result has been a rapid decline in the quality of our natural resources, along with costing taxpayers millions of dollars each year to fight wildfires and the many other negative consequences of fuel build up. This article has been adapted from Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Association. Read More »


A summary of all the benefits of prescribed fire in southern forests.

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This 40-page document provides detailed information on the biology of wild pigs, how to recognize their presence, the type of damage they can cause to agriculture and natural areas and a wide range of management techniques, including hunting.  It applies to just about anywhere in the U.S. where wild pigs are found.

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Lists toxicities of many different chemicals and how to reduce the risk of pesticide drift. A list of all Southern Regional Aquaculture Center factsheets (more than 150) are available at https://srac.tamu.edu/index.cfm/event/viewAllSheets/

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Cost estimates developed for 6 2-acre levee ponds, including production facilities, site selection and pond construction, feed storage, water supply, equipment, and production practices. A list of all Southern Regional Aquaculture Center factsheets (more than 150) are available at https://srac.tamu.edu/index.cfm/event/viewAllSheets/

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Provides instructions for artificial regeneration, site prep, seedings and planting to re-establish longleaf pine.  The guidelines conclude, “Longleaf pine has many desirable characteristics for landowners who have multiple-use forest management objectives. On appropriate sites, and with careful attention to detail during the regeneration phase, it is possible to enjoy the versatility of this species without compromising growth rates.” Read More »


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The mission of Western Grassland Initiative is to serve as the primary contributor to the implementation of conservation and management actions, through partnerships and cooperative efforts, resulting in improved species status, grassland habitats, and recreational opportunities for grassland dependent species across North America.

Read More »


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A review of bird census techniques opens with the statement that ‘birds are counted for a wide variety of reasons by a bewildering range of methods’. In the southeastern United States, a number of different survey techniques and protocols are used. Some form the foundation of regional, national and international avian monitoring programs, while others have the potential to do so. In order to promote awareness of what programs and protocols are available, this guide summarizes popular, multi-species bird monitoring programs and protocols that are currently used, or could be used, within the Southeast Partners in Flight region.

The guide is meant as a starting point for individuals seeking out information to assess the pros and cons of various protocols in addressing their project objectives. In those cases where the protocols are inextricably linked to a broader monitoring program, the program itself (e.g., North American Breeding Bird Survey) and/or the sampling scheme (e.g., Strategic Multi-scale Grassland Bird Population Monitoring) is summarized along with the protocol. Our focus was primarily on those protocols designed to measure abundance and demographic parameters.

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In recent years, there has been increased interest in establishing native warm season grasses (NWSG) and forbs as wildlife habitat. Commonly known as prairie or prairie grass, native grasslands and savannas, a forest/grassland complex with less than 50% tree coverage, historically dominated the landscape across much of the United States. These grasses and forbs grow during the warmer months of the year as opposed to cool season grasses such as fescue and brome.

Read More »

BMPs oriented more specifically toward farming & agriculture, energy efficiency and invasive & native species are also available on this site.

Wildlife Conservation news from the Houston Conservation Center
The following news articles are provided by the Google News service and do not reflect the views or imply an endorsement by the Houston Conservation Center and its affiliates. We cannot guarantee the relevance of the content of this page or any links that may be followed from the articles herein.
Google News
New Central Texas wildlife park announces opening date  KWTX

A new Central Texas wildlife park is set to open in May.



Green Mountain Energy Adds Solar Energy at Three Texas State Parks  CSRwire.com

GLEN ROSE, Texas, Apr. 18 /CSRwire/ - Green Mountain Energy and Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD) today announced the completion of solar ...



The Texas Soil Health Short Course | Calendar  Victoria Advocate

Attendees will learn how to improve their land management and agricultural operations by increasing biological wealth through ecological principles. Farm and ...



6 ways the border wall could disrupt the environment  National Geographic

Trump's plan to build a wall from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific could come with unintended consequences for wildlife and people.



Post-Harvey, Texas State Aquarium seeks funds for new wildlife rescue center  The Texas Tribune

Before Hurricane Harvey, state aquarium staff evacuated turtles, stingrays, dolphins and other recovering animals from an aging rescue center they feared would ...



Texas parks department, advocates pushing Congress to reauthorize key conservation fund  The Texas Tribune

The chief of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department says the absence of the 54-year-old Land and Water Conservation Fund is a "substantial loss" for state ...



As Work Begins on Trump's Border Wall, a Key Wildlife Refuge Is at Risk  Yale Environment 360

Construction is underway on a stretch of President Trump's border wall cutting through the Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge in Texas.



Why a Border Wall Could Mean Trouble for Wildlife  The New York Times

If the Trump administration extends the wall at the southern border, it could degrade important habitats for animals and plants, even birds and insects.



Texas Brigades accepting applications for summer leadership camps  Standard-Times

Texas Brigades, a nonprofit organization, is offering seven leadership camps that focus on natural resources and wildlife conservation.



Groups Sue Trump Over Border Wall Emergency  Public News Service

MISSION, Texas — Conservation groups are already challenging the Trump administration over its declaration of a national emergency to build border walls in ...



Widely misinterpreted report still shows catastrophic animal decline  National Geographic

New research shows that surveyed animal populations have declined by more than 50 percent on average in the last two generations.



Once Common, Texas Horned Lizard Now Being Captive-Bred and Reintroduced  National Geographic

The horned lizard, the state reptile of Texas, is up against a myriad of threats. Scientists are hoping reintroduction will help it survive.



Lawsuit Challenges Trump Administration's Texas Border-wall Waivers  Center for Biological Diversity

WASHINGTON— Conservation groups sued the Trump administration today for waiving 28 conservation laws to speed construction of the border wall along the ...



Some Texas ranches tout hunting exotic animals as a way to support conservation  ABC News

A sprawling, high-fenced, 18000-acre preserve is home to over 60 different species of majestic animals, including giraffes, Cape buffalos and gemsbok.



As debate rages on border wall funding, construction is already beginning  The Texas Tribune

In far South Texas, federal contractors are preparing to break ground on 33 miles of new fencing that Congress authorized last year.



Has Hunting Become a Rich Man’s Game?  Texas Monthly

When Andrew Sansom was named executive director of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department in 1990, he boldly took on the challenge of uniting ...



Butterfly Preserve On The Border Threatened By Trump's Wall  NPR

Editor's note: This story was updated on Dec. 3. On an average day at the National Butterfly Center, a 100-acre wildlife center and botanical garden in South ...



Texas Parks and Wildlife: State park could close if Trump builds border wall through it  The Texas Tribune

The Texas Parks and Wildlife Department has warned U.S. Border Patrol that it could be forced to shutter a beloved state park on the southern tip of the state if ...



Interior Dept. officials downplayed federal wildlife experts' concerns about Trump’s border wall, documents show  The Washington Post

Federal government scientists raised red flags last year about President Trump's proposed wall for the U.S.-Mexico border, suggesting that it could harm the ...



What to Expect at DSC South Texas' Annual Wildlife Gala –  Lone Star Outdoor News

Story by DSC South Texas. With 15+ extravagant Live Auction items up for grabs, full open bar and delicious catered food by the RK Group, the 2019 DSC ...



Where the border wall is under construction  The Washington Post

Despite a partial government shutdown that lasted nearly 35 days, President Trump's efforts to secure border wall funding fizzled last month. However, that has ...



See what taxidermy treasures this South Texas wildlife refuge uncovered, displays for free  Corpus Christi Caller-Times

South Texas' largest exhibit of rare, endangered, common and extinct taxidermy birds of the world on display at the Welder Foundation in Sinton.



Attend the best hunting auction in South Texas –  Lone Star Outdoor News

Join DSC South Texas for the 3rd Annual Wildlife Legacy Gala and Auction, the best hunting auction in South Texas! It will be a wild night filled with amazing ...



Texas Brigades youth leadership summer camps accepting applications  AgriLife Today

Applications are being accepted for the Texas Brigades leadership camps. Located throughout Texas, these camps serve youth 13-17. Click to learn more.



Bill would increase Indiana's conservation funding with sales tax revenue  Evansville Courier & Press

EVANSVILLE, Ind. — A bill in the Indiana General Assembly would direct some sales tax revenues to bolster underfunded conservation efforts and help maintain ...



'Sneak Preview' of the Neches River National Wildlife Refuge set this weekend  Jacksonville Daily Progress

Texas Conservation Alliance invites everyone for a “Sneak Preview” of the Neches River National Wildlife Refuge this coming Saturday, September 29, 9 a.m. to ...



Aquarium seeks funds for wildlife rescue  Brownsville Herald

CORPUS CHRISTI — In late August 2017, as Hurricane Harvey churned over the Gulf of Mexico, staffers at the Texas State Aquarium closely monitored the ...



Zombie deer steadily approaching Texas  WOAI

SAN ANTONIO (WOAI/KABB) - Our worst fears have come true. Zombie Deer are real and they're coming for us (well, kind of). According to a recent post in the ...



Verify: Are there more tigers in Texas than in the wild?  WFAA.com

Texas is a national leader in a lot of obvious ways like energy, technology and construction. But have you ever heard there are more tigers in Texas than in the ...



Texas Parks & Wildlife Proposes Changes for Hunting & Fishing  News/Talk 790 KFYO

Public comment is being accepted for numerous changes, including to fishing at Lake Alan Henry and the creation of a new javelina hunting season in the South ...



Celebrate National Wildlife Day with 5 Central Texas Wildlife Conservation Nonprofits  Austin Monthly

According to the Texas Almanac, the Lone Star State is home to more than 140 species of animals. Here in Austin, we're familiar with the snakes, raccoons, and ...



Trump's border wall could place several endangered animals at risk  Quartz

In the Rio Grande Valley of Texas, endangered animals and plants ranging from big cats to rare bats face threats to their habitats posed by wall construction.



Butterfly conservationists face off with excavators at border wall construction site  CNN

As President Donald Trump prepares to sell Congress on the border wall at Tuesday's State of the Union, a butterfly conservation group is putting itself in the ...



Over 140 Horned Lizard Hatchlings Released in State Park  NBC 5 Dallas-Fort Worth

The Texas Parks and Wildlife Department released more than 140 Texas horned lizard hatchlings Wednesday in a state park.



Border Barrier No One Wants Grows Without Money to Slow Spread  Bloomberg Environment

Carrizo cane is the border wall no one wants. A pernicious plant on the banks of the Rio Grande along the U.S.-Mexico border, carrizo cane (Arundo donax) ...



Trump’s wall could be devastating for wildlife and endangered species along Mexico border  The Independent

As the fight continues over Donald Trump's demand to extend the border wall between the United States and Mexico, one thing is clear: Whatever the wall's ...



13 Unlucky Animals That Are Killed for Fun  Sierra Magazine

Every year, thousands of animals are killed for fun (and often, cash prizes) in wildlife killing contests. Participants at these events are given free rein to kill as ...



Quail Appreciation Day set for March 21 at Long Acres Ranch  AgriLife Today

RICHMOND — Landowners with an interest in quail management, hunters, wildlife enthusiasts and others will enjoy learning about one of Texas' most iconic ...



'Death sentence': butterfly sanctuary to be bulldozed for Trump's border wall  The Guardian

More than 200 species make their homes at America's most diverse sanctuary, but construction through the reserve could begin in February.



Tigers prowl Texas backyards  DW (English)

A couple of thousand tigers — many owned as pets — live in Texas. That gives the US state the second-largest population of the endangered species in the ...



Razor wire endangers wildlife at U.S.-Mexico border, environmentalists say  UPI News

Razor wire laid at the U.S.-Mexico border endangers gray wolves and rare jaguars, cutting them off from food, water and mating partners, environmentalists said.



Texas butterfly sanctuary files emergency restraining order to stop Trump's border wall construction  Dallas News

The National Butterfly Center has filed for a restraining order to keep federal agents and contractors — who plan to build a border wall through...



Brush a proud promoter of area’s natural habitat, wildlife  Monitor

John Brush lifted his binoculars to his eyes to gain a better view of a Thrasher he spotted. Immediately he knew the bird was born within the last year. Brush was ...



Trump’s border wall will destroy wildlife habitat and create 6,500 acres of “no man’s lands”  Vox.com

The Department of Homeland Security is moving forward to build 17 miles of border barriers through protected areas in Texas.



World  HSUS News

Two bills introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives this week would directly address wildlife trafficking and poaching, and prohibit trophy hunting of ...



A New Wildlife Bill Would Protect Texas' Numerous At-Risk Animals  Houstonia Magazine

Nationwide, there are about 15,000 species that are of greatest conservation need or endangered, some 1,310 of them in Texas. But a new bipartisan bill called ...



How Texas Parks and Historic Sites Are Dealing With the Government Shutdown  Texas Monthly

Volunteers and others step in to help maintain Big Bend, the San Antonio missions, and other beloved sites, but fears about lasting damage grow as the impasse ...



South Texas fly fishing icon partners with airboaters, earns ambassador nod for conservation  Corpus Christi Caller-Times

Rockport fly guide Chuck Naiser tapped by TPW Foundation as Untamed ambassador for Texas conservation campaign.



Rescued tiger set to leave Gladys Porter Zoo  Monitor

BROWNSVILLE — After its near-death experience several months ago, the tiger cub that was rescued near the border fence in Brownsville is alive, healthy and ...



Rattlesnake roundups are a southern tradition. They're also an ecological disaster.  Popular Science

Each year, Texas's Sweetwater Jaycees—“the world's largest rattlesnake roundup”—begins with a rattlesnake parade. There's also a Miss Snake Charmer ...



A 1,200-Mile Wilderness Trip Down the Proposed Border Wall  Backpacker Magazine

A biologist explores the route of the White House's proposed border wall by canoe and horse.



License plates featuring bass fish enhance TPWD conservation  Times Record News

Purchasing Texas Parks and Wildlife Department large-mouth bass conservation license plates aids conservation.



These Are the Best Drive-Thru Safaris in Texas  Houstonia Magazine

They're cooler than the zoo, and cheaper than a trip to Africa.



Grant will fund expansion of wild rice study  San Marcos Daily Record



More tigers live in US back yards than in the wild. Is this a catastrophe?  The Guardian

It is easier to buy a tiger in some states than to adopt a rescue dog – and only 6% of the animals are housed in approved facilities. This is bad for the big cats ...



Great flocks of snow geese arrive in Houston from chilly breeding grounds along the Alaskan tundra and across the Canadian Arctic and Hudson Bay.  Houston Chronicle

Great flocks of snow geese drift down from the sky onto coastal prairies and inland farm fields, blanketing the landscape in glimmering white. They arrive from ...



Congress Is Letting a Decades-Old Program that Aided San Antonio's Missions Expire  San Antonio Current

A 53-year-old federal program that's poured millions of dollars into protecting cherished South Texas landmarks including the San Antonio Missions National ...



Is a Butterfly Sanctuary in Danger of Being Bulldozed to Build President Trump's Border Wall?  Snopes.com

The stated purpose of President Trump's proposed wall along the U.S.-Mexico border is to provide national security and stem illegal immigration. However ...



Texas State Aquarium doubles down on wildlife rescue, rehabilitation after Harvey  Houston Chronicle

CORPUS CHRISTI — The white and brownish-black bird in the photo was covered in so many cactus spines, Alyssa Barrett could barely make out its coloring, ...



Hunting Enthusiasts Pack Convention Center Raising $300K for Charity  San Angelo LIVE!

SAN ANGELO, TX -- Hundreds of west Texas sportsmen and hunting enthusiasts packed the McNease Convention Center in San Angelo Saturday evening for ...



Protect Texas’ at risk lizard [Opinion]  Houston Chronicle

Few animals are caught in the crosshairs of politics and the oil and gas industry quite like the dunes sagebrush lizard. Living only in sandy, windblown dunes in ...



The most important science policy issue in every state  Popular Science

These are the top science, technology, or environment issues facing each state—plus Puerto Rico and Washington, D.C. Even if it never surfaces on the ...



Mike Bleech: Senate Bill 47 is something we can all agree on - Sports  GoErie.com

The public-lands conservation bill reauthorizes the Land and Water Conservation Fund, adds more than 1 million acres of Wilderness, and ensures hunting, ...



Texas hunting and fishing licenses are now on sale  DailyTrib.com

FROM STAFF REPORTS. AUSTIN — Whether you plan to hunt in the “Deer Capital of Texas” or need to stock up on shells for dove season, Aug. 15 is the first ...



AgriLife Extension offers two days of education at Wichita Falls farm show March 13-14 | AgriLife  AgriLife Today

Writer: Kay Ledbetter, 806-677-5608, skledbetter@ag.tamu.edu. Contact: David Graf, 940-716-8610, cdgraf@ag.tamu.edu. WICHITA FALLS – Two days of ...



Scientists say Trump's border wall would devastate wildlife habitat  The Texas Tribune

At the U.S.-Mexico border, scientists say existing fencing is hurting endangered wildlife and warn that a continuous wall could devastate many species. by Kiah ...



Future Of Butterfly Center Tied To Border Wall  Houston Public Media

Conservationists say a border wall would eradicate an enormous amount of native habitat at The National Butterfly Center in Mission, Texas.



Women's land stewardship conference offered Oct. 1-2 in Fredericksburg  AgriLife Today

Writer: Kay Ledbetter, 806-677-5608, skledbetter@ag.tamu.edu. Contact: Dr. Larry Redmon, 979-845-4826, l-redmon@tamu.edu. FREDERICKSBURG – The ...



Texas butterfly center files lawsuit to stop construction of US-Mexico border wall  ABC Action News

A wall slated to be built on the U.S.-Mexico border threatens the land that is home to the largest butterfly center and other wildlife.



Border wall will not hinder access to National Butterfly Center, agency says  San Antonio Express-News

Responding to concerns that President Donald Trump's border wall will ruin a butterfly sanctuary at the southern tip of Texas, the administration has promised to ...



Blood and Beauty on a Texas Exotic-Game Ranch  The New York Times

UVALDE, Tex. — On a ranch at the southwestern edge of the Texas Hill Country, a hunting guide spotted her cooling off in the shade: an African reticulated ...



Illegal Wildlife Trade Booming Across U.S.-Mexico Border  National Geographic

President Trump vows to stop illegal immigration from Mexico, but what about all the wildlife coming illegally across the border?



Renowned South Texas conservationist Frank Yturria dies  Brownsville Herald

Frank Yturria, a renowned conservationist and South Texas rancher whose biography includes sharing a rodeo circuit with Gene Autry and Roy Rogers in the ...



Rare Wildcat Spotted in Texas  National Geographic

Camera traps in a south Texas wildlife refuge spotted a new ocelot roaming through the park. Only about 50 individuals have been identified in the state.



Texas Proposes Ending Unsustainable Commercial Wild Turtle Trapping  Center for Biological Diversity

AUSTIN, Texas— In response to a petition filed by the Center for Biological Diversity and several Texas-based conservation organizations, the Texas Parks and ...



Trump’s border wall is an ecological disaster  Vox.com

President Donald Trump is allowing the longest government shutdown in US history to drag on because he wants Congress to give him $5 billion for 215 miles ...



Texas State Aquarium dedicated to rehabilitating injured animals  KSAT 12

The Wildlife Rescue team at the Texas State Aquarium in Corpus Christi is dedicated to helping animals, including one that was injured during Hurricane ...



The wild & wacky tales from the life of a Texas Game Warden  KPRC Click2Houston

Texas game wardens are law enforcement officers responsible for water safety, search and rescue operations and the conservation and protection of the state's ...



Like many Northerners, bald eagles winter in Texas  Houston Chronicle

A bald eagle soaring through winter skies 20 years ago in Houston would have been an astonishing sight. If a nesting pair of eagles had been in a tree near a ...



New Wildlife Corridor to be Built in Brazilian Atlantic Forest  National Geographic

Conservationists say a new wildlife corridor will help save what's left of a Brazilian forest fractured by development.



Winter Birding: Fall, spring great, but cool now, too  San Antonio Express-News

While the fall and spring migrations top the list of Texas bird watchers, winter is a fine time to catch species that hold up in the state as well as natives and others ...



For decades, this beautiful piece of Dallas has borne some ugly fights. And here we go again  Dallas News

Until Tuesday afternoon I hadn't been to Samuell Farm in almost a decade. It's likely you've never been at all: Two years ago, as part of its...



Can Texas Protect Its Creepy, Tiny, Blind, Rare Wildlife?  National Geographic

San Antonio, TexasA ritual of nature is happening in the woody hills around Austin and San Antonio. The first golden-cheeked warblers, with brilliant yellow ...



Proposed border wall will harm Texas plants and animals, scientists say  Science Daily

In the latest peer-reviewed publication on the potential impacts of a border wall on plants and animals, conservation biologists say that border walls threaten to ...



Business digest: March 17, 2019 | Local  Longview News-Journal

Colquitt joins TB&T as senior VP, lender. Greg Colquitt has joined the staff of Texas Bank and Trust Co. as senior vice president and commercial lender in the ...



Specs For Border Wall Show It Would Divide Texas Wildlife Refuge  NPR

Texans are upset that the first plans for Trump's border wall show that it will rip through two nature preserves. The border patrol insists public access will be ...



Trump's proposed changes to Endangered Species Act could stop some Texas species from being listed  Houston Chronicle

Texas' lesser prairie chicken and dunes sagebrush lizard could have a harder time landing a protected status through the Endangered Species Act under ...



White pelicans make a flyby over Texas  Houston Chronicle

Flocks of American white pelicans are sailing slowly across our skies in a glorious procession. They migrate from breeding grounds in the northern Midwest.



Lone Star Adventure: Sharkarosa Wildlife Ranch  FOX 4 News

This week's Lone Star Adventure takes us to a unique North Texas wildlife ranch that started out as a private sanctuary, but is increasingly becoming a rescue ...



Can Markets Save The Prairie Chicken In Kansas?  HPPR

Oil and gas development in the Great Plains can create noise and activity that makes grassland less hospitable to the lesser prairie chicken, a bird constantly in ...



Oilfield suppliers encroaching on threatened West Texas lizard  The Texas Tribune

The state's endangered species chief says a plan to protect the dunes sagebrush lizard is facing a "significant threat" from companies that mine the fine-grain ...



7 women, from Laura Bush to Vikki Carr, inducted into Texas Womens Hall of Fame  Austin American-Statesman

Florencia Bisenta de Casillas Martinez Cardona, also known as Vikki Carr, sang "Can't Take My Eyes Off of You." Austin philanthropist Susan Dell spoke with ...



Scientists launch a global search for 25 'lost' species  Chron.com

Once upon a time, a subspecies of giant tortoise lived on Fernandina, the least-explored island in the Galapagos. In 1906, explorers with the California Academy ...



The birdwatching paradise in the shadow of Trump's wall  The Telegraph

“Shhh,” said Raul Garza. “There's one right there.” A flash of electric blue announces a green jay, which hops down and peers at us quizzically before flitting ...



Federal Government Extends Time to Comment on the Proposed Border Wall  San Antonio Current

If you've got an opinion on President Trump's pinche border wall — and we suspect more than a few of you do — here's a chance to weigh in on a section that ...



Border Wall Construction's First Stop: Texas Wildlife Preserves  San Antonio Current

President Donald Trump's long-proposed wall along the Mexico-U.S. border has hit more than a few bumps along the road to its construction. Resistance from ...



Field Notes from Santa Ana  The Texas Observer

A visit to the crown jewel of the national wildlife refuge system, now under threat from Trump's wall, reveals a harsh landscape teeming with life.



I'm a rancher, and I support the Endangered Species Act  Environmental Defense Fund

A sixth generation rancher defends the Endangered Species Act as 'a much needed incentive' for conservation.



The Mexican monarch population blossomed as California's monarchs plummeted  San Francisco Chronicle

Researchers reported a precipitous decline of western monarch butterflies overwintering in California last year, but a glimmer of hope remains for the ...



For Texas Pronghorn, an Unusual 500-Mile Journey  The Texas Observer

Wildlife experts are airlifting and trucking pronghorn into West Texas in hopes of replenishing a shrinking population.


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