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texas's Wildlife

Texas is the most beautiful state or province in North America! It covers greater than 250,000 square miles of prairie, forests, canyon lands, rivers, streams and ocean. It is not only ecologically diverse it is culturally radiant due in no small part to its shared border with Mexico. Texas is home to a vast array of wildlife with opportunities to view and commune with nature around every bend.

Texas is at a critical point in its history in terms of nature. Today, life is slightly different than when settelers first arrived. While some species are still abundant some of our most treasured wildlife species are at crossroads. Through the efforts of wildlife biologists and caring citizens, many of these species will remain a constant source of pleasure for generations to come. However, without some help and care, these species could end up going the way of the passenger pigeon.

A sure example of this is the Atwater’s prairie chickens on the coastal plains. With less than 70 individuals, a catastrophic event could place them into the history books in the category of what once was. If it was not for the help of Texas Parks and Wildlife biologists, caring Texans, private landowners, and partners like the Houston Zoo, this species might already be gone.

The state’s Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Plan provides an exhaustive description of texas’s biodiversity as well as conservation challenges and opportunities.

State Bird
texas's Wildlife
Mockingbird
State Large Mammal
texas's Wildlife
Long Horn
State Small Mammal
texas's Wildlife
Armadillo
State Fish


texas's Wildlife


Guadalupe Bass
Learn more about Wildlife Conservation Learn more about Wildlife Conservation


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As fire seasons have tended to become longer and fire behavior more severe, questions inevitably arise among the public and media. “Is this the worst fire season ever?” “How does this year compare with otherbad fire seasons?”

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East Gulf Coastal Plain Joint Venture (EGCPJV) prescribed fire communications strategy.  Developed with input from more than 45 prescribed fire/resource management experts throughout the East Gulf Coastal Plain, as well as guidance from the EGCPJV staff and board, the Strategy focuses on achieving three overarching policy, outreach and education goals that address current impediments to the use of prescribed fire.  A total of 30 prescribed fire messages designed to achieve those goals provide background and detailed supporting information to serve as a flexible foundation for future communications and initiatives.

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Policy Resolution 13-04: Western Governors direct the Western Governors’ Wildlife Council to continue its guidance in the development, management and implementation with partners of the state and West-wide CHATs. Western Governors also urge federal agencies to use state fish and wildlife data and analyses as principal sources to inform their land use, land planning and related natural resource decisions, rather than spending scarce resources duplicating existing state data collection efforts.

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This 2nd edition of the NBCI’s annual “State of the Bobwhite” report provides the most comprehensive assessment ever compiled on the current state of bobwhite conservation in the US.

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This first annual “State of the Bobwhite” report by the National Bobwhite Conservation Initiative (NBCI) and the National Bobwhite Technical Committee (NBTC) provides a snapshot of the population, hunting, and conservation status of the northern bobwhite, Colinus virginianus. This report provides an assessment of range-wide bobwhite population and hunting  activity trends as well as state-by-state population, hunting, and management status summaries. Also featured are key perceptions of state quail coordinators on the trends and current status of quail conservation efforts in their state.  These data were compiled in 2011 for the NBCI State Agency Inventory Project.

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Conservation buffers such as filter strips, riparian buffers, grassed waterways, and field borders are especially applicable to southeastern landscapes and have multiple environmental benefits while serving to significantly improve wildlife habitats.

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Summary Findings

  • The Habitat Buffers for Upland Birds practice (CP33) is the first Federal conservation practice to target species-specific population recovery goals of a national wildlife conservation initiative (the Northern Bobwhite Conservation Initiative).
  • Over 14 states, breeding bobwhite densities were 70 to 75 percent greater around CP33 buffered fields than around unbuffered crop fields.
  • Fall bobwhite covey densities were 50 to 110 percent greater around CP33 fields than around unbuffered crop fields, and this positive response to CP33 increased each subsequent year of the study.
  • Several upland songbirds (e.g., dickcissel, field sparrow) responded strongly to CP33 in the landscape.
  • Area-sensitive grassland birds (e.g.,grasshopper sparrow) exhibited little response to CP33 buffers.
  • These findings illustrate the wildlife value of field borders and other buffer practices implemented through EQIP, WHIP, and other conservation programs.
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The conservation provisions of the Farm Bill can produce more consistent positive wildlife habitat benefits when policy (program statutes, rules, practices, and practice standards) is developed in the context of explicit goals identified as part of large-scale conservation initiatives.

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The conservation objective in the Mississippi Alluvial Valley is to provide forested habitat capable of supporting sustainable populations of all forest dependent wildlife species. This report provides recommendations to improve and enhance management activities directed at providing habitat for priority wildlife species.

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For a landscape supporting healthy native bird populations across the LMVJV

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The National Bobwhite Conservation Initiative (NBCI) is the unified range-wide strategy of 25 state wildlife agencies, with numerous conservation group and research institution partners, to achieve widespread restoration of native grassland habitats and huntable populations of wild quail.

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This publication provides technical guidance and practical information for wildlife management beyond planting and managing food plots. 

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Wildlife tourism contributes substantially to the Gulf Coast economy.  Wildlife tourism is defined as (1) guide and outfitter businesses directly serving wildlife watchers, recreational fishers and hunters, and (2) lodging and dining establishments where these clients sleep and eat. Read More »


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Summarizes biology of wild pigs, history of introduction and range of occurence within the U.S., and ecological and economic impacts, with suggestions for management strategies. Read More »


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Report summarizes current status of coastal wetlands and six wildlife species in the Gulf two years after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Read More »


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Fire has shaped Louisiana’s landscape for thousands of years. Native Americans set fires to reduce “rough” vegetation, improve hunting areas and create space for crops. Many fires were started by lightning strikes during spring and fall dry seasons. Even during periods of summer rain, lightning ignited fires in grass, dry leaves and at the base of trees. Across much of Louisiana, these fires maintained coastal prairie, longleaf pine and shortleaf pine/oak/hickory ecosystems. Wildlife was nourished by the diversity of plants that flourished in areas that were frequently burned. The short intervals between fires prevented large accumulations of fuel. This reduced the occurrence of intense fires that could damage or kill large expanses of trees.

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In February 2013, the Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council requested the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) promulgate an emergency rule for the 2013 recreational red snapper season. This emergency rule was implemented on March 25, 2013, and allowed for implementation of state-specific closure authority of the federal exclusive economic zone off states not adopting consistent federal recreational red snapper regulations.
 

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The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) offers a suite of Farm Bill conservation programs and practices that provide incentives to enhance environmental quality on privately-owned agricultural lands. In 2004, the USDA Farm Service Agency (FSA) initiated conservation practice Habitat Buffers for Upland Birds (CP33) under  the continuous sign-up Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) to target recovery of northern bobwhite (Colinus virgianianus) and other upland bird species in row-crop  agricultural landscapes. This was the first CRP practice designed specifically to help meet recovery objectives of a large-scale wildlife conservation initiative and the first to  require a wildlife monitoring component as part of its practice directive. The FSA initially allocated 250,000 CP33 acres to 35 states (increased to 350,000 acres in 2010) to be actively managed over a period of 10 years and charged the Southeast Quail Study Group (SEQSG, now National Bobwhite Technical Committee) with development of a coordinated CP33 monitoring protocol to generate measures of population response for northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) and other priority bird species at multiple spatial scales.

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A Bird Trail is more than a trail in the literal sense.  It is a “necklace” of sites, usually linked by a physiographic feature such as a river, that are united by the theme of “great for bird watching!”  Birding Trails are essentially driving routes that help you get from one prime birding spot to the next.

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The term “early successional habitat” describes the shrubs, trees, and other plants that grow back on the land after older vegetation has been removed or cut back. We can visualize this important habitat type as all the stages of plant growth from open grasslands to young forest. Historically, these habitats were created by natural disturbances, extreme physical conditions such as poor soils or harsh climates, the abandonment of agricultural land, and logging. In recent years, human development has greatly reduced the amount of land available to wildlife, and many of the disturbances that once gave rise to early successional habitat – fire, extensive areas of flooding caused by beavers, and heavy logging – have been suppressed (Trani et al. 2001). As a result, populations of wildlife that need early successional habitat have fallen drastically (Litvaitis, 1993; Thompson & Dessecker, 1997).

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South Texas, the "Last Great Habitat"
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Concerns about conservation of the tropical rainforests and other well-known regions of the world are widely publicized, yet a region of inestimable biological wealth lies relatively unrecognized on the back doorstep of North America. The region lying south of a line from Port O’Connor to Victoria, northwest to San Antonio and west to Del Rio known as “South Texas” is one of the most biologically diverse regions in the world (Fig. ). In fact, it is termed “hyper-diverse” by many ecologists. We feel that conservation of this biological treasure is of urgent concern to policy makers, nature enthusiasts, and the general public throughout the region and nation.

Because virtually all land in South Texas is privately owned, incentives are needed that enable landowners to retain ownership and keep the habitat in an unfragmented condition. These incentives might include conservation easements and tax breaks for wildlife conservation or business ventures focused on outdoor recreation.





Methylmercury is a form of mercury that is found in most freshwater and saltwater fish. In some lakes, rivers, and coastal waters in California, methylmercury has been found in some types of fish at concentrations that may be harmful to human health. The Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) has issued health advisories to fishers and their families giving recommendations on how much of the affected fish in these areas can be safely eaten. In these advisories, women of childbearing age and children are encouraged to be especially careful about following the advice because of the greater sensitivity of fetuses and children to methylmercury. 

Fish are nutritious and should be a part of a healthy, balanced diet. As with many other kinds of food, however, it is prudent to consume fish in moderation. OEHHA provides advice to the public so that people can continue to eat fish without putting their health at risk.
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This report describes the key findings of an analysis of the status and recent changes in ownership size, land  use and property values of private farms, ranches and forestlands in Texas. The goal of this work is to provide  public and private decision makers with the data they need to plan for the conservation of working rural lands  in Texas. Included in this report are four summaries describing results of technical analyses upon which many  of our conclusions are based. Our primary data sources were the Texas State Comptroller of Public Accounts  (who provided a 1992-2001 annual compilation of land use and land value data from 1,032 independent school  districts), and the U.S.D.A. Agricultural Statistics Service. We also obtained data from the U. S. Census Bureau,  U.S.D.A. Natural Resources Inventory, and the U. S. Department of Commerce/Bureau of Economic Analysis–Regional Economic Information System. We used Geographic Information Systems (GIS) base maps obtained from the Texas Natural Resources Information System (TNRIS). This work was made possible by grants to American Farmland Trust from the Meadows Foundation and Houston Endowment, Inc.

Our specific objectives were to:

  • Assess the current status and recent trends in rural land ownership size, land use and property values in Texas;
  • Determine relationships among land size, land use and property values;
  • Develop a map-based simulation model for projecting future trends in rural lands, and use this model to explore  the implications of initiating a Purchase of Development Rights program;
  • Encourage the development of policies for conserving productive rural lands and wildlife habitats in Texas; and
  • Provide public access to these data using a Web site with interactive mapping and custom data queries.
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ABSTRACT—Assessing numerical response of northern bobwhites (Colinus virginianus) to habitat improvement in semi-arid rangeland often is confounded by responses of populations to highly variable patterns of rainfall. During 2 years of above-average rainfall, we investigated abundance of northern bobwhites relative to type of range and treatments to reduce brush on seven ranches in southern Texas. We expected response of populations to treatment of land to be more evident when northern bobwhites were released from constraints of low precipitation. However, main factors dominating abundance were rainfall during the previous growing season and type of range. Greatest numbers of calls were in mid-productivity rangeland (potential production of forage 2,000–3,900 kg/ha), especially sandy loam, clay loam, sandy, and gravelly ridge. Treatments to reduce brush increased abundance of northern bobwhites to a limited extent and were most effective when large blocks of land were treated. Techniques that kill brush (root-plowing) were more successful in increasing populations than top-removal methods (roller-chopping). Leaving strips or mottes (large clumps of living brush and trees) in cleared areas did not enhance populations, although we caution that retaining some brush cover may be important to survival of northern bobwhites in drier years and in situations where herbaceous cover  is less abundant.

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This comprehensive wildlife management planning guidelines provide detailed information on wildlife property tax deductions, habitat control, erosion control. predator control, how to provide supplemental water, food and shelter, as well as a census for the Edwards Plateau and Cross Timbers & Prairies Ecological Regions.

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Excerpts from the Texas Wildlife Action Plan (WAP) applicable to private landowners.

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A range-wide sampling framework and survey method is being developed to estimate total abundance of active leks for the population of LPC. In addition, standard operating procedures are being developed for aerial surveys and ground truthing surveys. The methods are being developed with the assistance of core members of the Lesser Prairie-Chicken Interstate Working Group (LPCIWG). It is anticipated that the plan will be implemented in a pilot study in the  spring of 2012. This study plan and results of the pilot study will provide managers within the Great Plains Landscape Conservation Cooperative (GPLCC) a more consistent approach for trend analyses of abundance of LEPC leks across the species’ range.

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Lesser prairie-chickens and greater sage-grouse depend on large prairie and steppe landscapes shared by agricultural producers, primarily ranching operations. Historically, their ranges were vast, but today wild prairies have dwindled by 90 percent, and sagebrush steppe by 50 percent. Stressors on these landscapes continue and include energy development, subdivision, invasive species, and drought. As a result of this reduction in available habitat, the two species have been added to the list of Candidate Species for Endangered Species Act protection.

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This document describes the different habitat requiremenst of the LPC. It includes descriptions of nesting habitat, brood-rearing habitat, fall/winter habitat, LEPC diet, and predators/diseases.

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This document provides a brief description of the different habitat types or land uses that occur in the Southern Great Plains and their relative importance to the LPC. Included are rangelands, riparian, croplands, and Conservation Reserve Program land uses.

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The goal of the protocol is to consistently monitor trend in vegetation structure on individual properties voluntarily applying management under initiative contract. Closely follow the directions to allow the data to be combined across the ecological regions and assess trend in vegetation at a landscape scale. Monitoring and vegetation protocols below address the Conference Report’s guidance on assessment and monitoring protocols that the SWAT and FO will perform on individual properties.
 

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Populations of Lesser Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus; LEPC) have declined by more than 90%. The main factors precipitating this decline have been the conversion of sand-sage and mixed-grass prairie to agriculture, juniper encroachment,  excessive cattle grazing, and fossil-fuel and suburban development. Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) fields contribute greatly to the remaining habitat of the LEPC; however, approximately three million acres of CRP within the current LEPC distribution will soon expire, and potentially be re-converted to cropland.

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The mission of Western Grassland Initiative is to serve as the primary contributor to the implementation of conservation and management actions, through partnerships and cooperative efforts, resulting in improved species status, grassland habitats, and recreational opportunities for grassland dependent species across North America.

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The overall distribution of the lesser prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus) has declined an estimated 92 percent since settlement by people of European descent and an estimated 78 percent since the early 1960s. Concurrent with this decrease in occupied range, numbers of lesser prairie-chickens have declined at least 90 percent since European settlement, resulting in smaller, more isolated populations. As a consequence of these declines, the lesser prairie-chicken is a candidate for federal listing as a threatened or endangered species.

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Proposed rule; revision and reopening of comment period.

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Lesser prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus) ECOS profile.

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Through Working Lands for Wildlife —a voluntary, incentive-based effort—the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) and its conservation partners will provide landowners with technical and financial assistance to: Restore populations of declining wildlife species. provide farmers, ranchers, and forest managers with regulatory certainty that conservation investments they make today help sustain their operations over the long term, and strengthen and sustain rural economies by restoring and protecting the productive capacity of working lands. Read more about the different focal species here.

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According to the Mississippi Prescribed Fire Council, periodic fire played an important ecological role in shaping southern forests and grasslands. Longleaf pine is the premier example of a native Mississippi ecosystem adapted to fire.  It is also a relict landscape, having been largely replaced with loblolly pine.  At one time, longleaf pine forests covered 90 million acres across the Southeast, but now only scattered remnants totaling 3 million acres remain.  Most are privately owned.  

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This document is a comprehensive range-wide conservation plan (RWP) for the lesser prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus; hereafter LPC). The goal of the RWP is to conserve the LPC for future generations while facilitating continued and uninterrupted economic activity throughout the entire five-state LPC range. The RWP identifies a two-pronged strategy for LPC conservation: (1) the coordinated implementation of incentive-based land owner programs, and (2) the implementation of a mitigation framework which reduces threats and provides resources for off-site conservation.

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A review of bird census techniques opens with the statement that ‘birds are counted for a wide variety of reasons by a bewildering range of methods’. In the southeastern United States, a number of different survey techniques and protocols are used. Some form the foundation of regional, national and international avian monitoring programs, while others have the potential to do so. In order to promote awareness of what programs and protocols are available, this guide summarizes popular, multi-species bird monitoring programs and protocols that are currently used, or could be used, within the Southeast Partners in Flight region.

The guide is meant as a starting point for individuals seeking out information to assess the pros and cons of various protocols in addressing their project objectives. In those cases where the protocols are inextricably linked to a broader monitoring program, the program itself (e.g., North American Breeding Bird Survey) and/or the sampling scheme (e.g., Strategic Multi-scale Grassland Bird Population Monitoring) is summarized along with the protocol. Our focus was primarily on those protocols designed to measure abundance and demographic parameters.

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texas's Wildlife Texas Conservation Action Plan (TCAP)
Also known as the Texas Wildlife Action plan (TWAP) or Texas Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy (TXCWCS)

The Texas Conservation Action Plan's purpose is to provide a statewide "roadmap" for research, restoration, management and recovery projects addressing Species of Greatest Conservation Need (SGCN) and important habitats. "SGCN" include terrestrial, freshwater, and marine birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, invertebrates (like insects and freshwater mussels), fishes, plants and plant communities. The goal of the Plan is ultimately to conserve and improve the status of these species and, as possible, prevent listings under the Endangered Species Act. The Conservation Action Plan has elements for anyone interested in conservation in Texas, not just Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD).

Outline of the Texas Conservation Action Plan

Wildlife and Habitat Management in texas
Whether you grow tomatoes, irrigate rice, sell sod, raise cattle, tend orchards, own forest, cut timber, run a hunt club or feed wildlife, in some way you manage habitat. “Best management practices” (BMPs) are available to assist landowners with planning, implementing and managing their land.

Developed by experienced practitioners, and management and research organizations, these management tools are based on the best available science. BMPs will often save landowners money in the long term even as they improve conditions for wildlife in the short term.


Best Management Practice Downloads
The following are a selection of BMPs culled from various national, regional, state and local sources. Each is available for download as a pdf.
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Texas has over 191,000 miles of waterways with riparian areas – the green vegetation zones along creeks, rivers and lakes – that provide great economic, social, cultural and environmental value to the state.  Proper management of these areas can reverse years of neglect and result in improved water quality and stable reservoir capacity.  Recommendations given herein are focused on central and eastern Texas and include restoration techniques, plant species selection, monitoring methods, and grazing and cropland management. 

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East Gulf Coastal Plain Joint Venture (EGCPJV) prescribed fire communications strategy.  Developed with input from more than 45 prescribed fire/resource management experts throughout the East Gulf Coastal Plain, as well as guidance from the EGCPJV staff and board, the Strategy focuses on achieving three overarching policy, outreach and education goals that address current impediments to the use of prescribed fire.  A total of 30 prescribed fire messages designed to achieve those goals provide background and detailed supporting information to serve as a flexible foundation for future communications and initiatives.

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Conservation buffers such as filter strips, riparian buffers, grassed waterways, and field borders are especially applicable to southeastern landscapes and have multiple environmental benefits while serving to significantly improve wildlife habitats.

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Summary Findings

  • The Habitat Buffers for Upland Birds practice (CP33) is the first Federal conservation practice to target species-specific population recovery goals of a national wildlife conservation initiative (the Northern Bobwhite Conservation Initiative).
  • Over 14 states, breeding bobwhite densities were 70 to 75 percent greater around CP33 buffered fields than around unbuffered crop fields.
  • Fall bobwhite covey densities were 50 to 110 percent greater around CP33 fields than around unbuffered crop fields, and this positive response to CP33 increased each subsequent year of the study.
  • Several upland songbirds (e.g., dickcissel, field sparrow) responded strongly to CP33 in the landscape.
  • Area-sensitive grassland birds (e.g.,grasshopper sparrow) exhibited little response to CP33 buffers.
  • These findings illustrate the wildlife value of field borders and other buffer practices implemented through EQIP, WHIP, and other conservation programs.
Read More »


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The conservation provisions of the Farm Bill can produce more consistent positive wildlife habitat benefits when policy (program statutes, rules, practices, and practice standards) is developed in the context of explicit goals identified as part of large-scale conservation initiatives.

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Review of the available literature on the ecological and economic impact of ecosystem services provided by  bats. Read More »


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Summarizes biology of wild pigs, history of introduction and range of occurence within the U.S., and ecological and economic impacts, with suggestions for management strategies. Read More »


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Northern Bobwhites (Colinus virginianus) were once common, even abundant, on farms, rangelands and forests across more than 30 states. Bobwhites have declined an average of 3% per year since 1966, and have virtually disappeared from some northern states. The last strongholds are portions of the western states with significant native habitats and quail-friendly land-use patterns, or other locales where bobwhite management is a priority on agricultural or plantation lands. Over most of the species’ range, the decline of wild bobwhite populations has relegated quail hunting to memories. The next few decades may be our last opportunity to halt the declines, stem widespread localized extinctions of bobwhites, and restore populations enough to create new memories for many.

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This brief University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture publication includes tips for developing a management plan and actual practices for habitat management.  It includes sections on special habitat types, tips on native species, food plots, pesticide use, snags, brush piles, supplemental feeding, water and nest boxes of many kinds. Read More »


From The Heinz Center, this 2008 lengthy publication is targeted to land managers who practice adaptive management.

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A Prescribed Fire Association is a group of landowners and other concerned citizens that form a partnership to conduct prescribed burns. Prescribed burning is the key land management tool used to restore and maintain native plant communities to their former diversity and productivity for livestock production and wildlife habitat. Native prairies, shrublands, and forests supply the majority of livestock forage and much of the wildlife habitat in the U.S. Without fire, many native plant communities become dysfunctional and unproductive. Research has clearly shown that there is no substitute for fire. 

Many forest and grassland ecosystems are fire dependent and not burning is poor land management.  Why do not more people use prescribed fire to manage their land? First, fire was not part of the European culture that settled in post-Columbian America. Fire exclusion and fire suppression has been engrained in our society for years and popularized by the very successful Smokey the Bear ad campaign. The result has been a rapid decline in the quality of our natural resources, along with costing taxpayers millions of dollars each year to fight wildfires and the many other negative consequences of fuel build up. This article has been adapted from Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Association. Read More »


A summary of all the benefits of prescribed fire in southern forests.

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This 40-page document provides detailed information on the biology of wild pigs, how to recognize their presence, the type of damage they can cause to agriculture and natural areas and a wide range of management techniques, including hunting.  It applies to just about anywhere in the U.S. where wild pigs are found.

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Lists toxicities of many different chemicals and how to reduce the risk of pesticide drift. A list of all Southern Regional Aquaculture Center factsheets (more than 150) are available at https://srac.tamu.edu/index.cfm/event/viewAllSheets/

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Cost estimates developed for 6 2-acre levee ponds, including production facilities, site selection and pond construction, feed storage, water supply, equipment, and production practices. A list of all Southern Regional Aquaculture Center factsheets (more than 150) are available at https://srac.tamu.edu/index.cfm/event/viewAllSheets/

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Provides instructions for artificial regeneration, site prep, seedings and planting to re-establish longleaf pine.  The guidelines conclude, “Longleaf pine has many desirable characteristics for landowners who have multiple-use forest management objectives. On appropriate sites, and with careful attention to detail during the regeneration phase, it is possible to enjoy the versatility of this species without compromising growth rates.” Read More »


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The mission of Western Grassland Initiative is to serve as the primary contributor to the implementation of conservation and management actions, through partnerships and cooperative efforts, resulting in improved species status, grassland habitats, and recreational opportunities for grassland dependent species across North America.

Read More »


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A review of bird census techniques opens with the statement that ‘birds are counted for a wide variety of reasons by a bewildering range of methods’. In the southeastern United States, a number of different survey techniques and protocols are used. Some form the foundation of regional, national and international avian monitoring programs, while others have the potential to do so. In order to promote awareness of what programs and protocols are available, this guide summarizes popular, multi-species bird monitoring programs and protocols that are currently used, or could be used, within the Southeast Partners in Flight region.

The guide is meant as a starting point for individuals seeking out information to assess the pros and cons of various protocols in addressing their project objectives. In those cases where the protocols are inextricably linked to a broader monitoring program, the program itself (e.g., North American Breeding Bird Survey) and/or the sampling scheme (e.g., Strategic Multi-scale Grassland Bird Population Monitoring) is summarized along with the protocol. Our focus was primarily on those protocols designed to measure abundance and demographic parameters.

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In recent years, there has been increased interest in establishing native warm season grasses (NWSG) and forbs as wildlife habitat. Commonly known as prairie or prairie grass, native grasslands and savannas, a forest/grassland complex with less than 50% tree coverage, historically dominated the landscape across much of the United States. These grasses and forbs grow during the warmer months of the year as opposed to cool season grasses such as fescue and brome.

Read More »

BMPs oriented more specifically toward farming & agriculture, energy efficiency and invasive & native species are also available on this site.

Wildlife Conservation news from the Houston Conservation Center
The following news articles are provided by the Google News service and do not reflect the views or imply an endorsement by the Houston Conservation Center and its affiliates. We cannot guarantee the relevance of the content of this page or any links that may be followed from the articles herein.
Google News
Cyanide bombs: Trump administration reauthorizes use of "cyanide bombs" to kill wild animals  CBS News

The Environmental Protection Agency has recently reauthorized the use of controversial chemical traps to kill coyotes, dogs, foxes and other wild animals across ...



Live in San Antonio: Deadly Disease, Bats, Birds. Aug. 16, 2019, Part 2 | Science Friday  WNYC Studios

Take a (safe) peek inside the Texas Biomedical Institute in San Antonio, where scientists study diseases like Ebola. Plus, a trip to the cave home to over 15 ...



This Land Is Their Land, Too  The New Republic

What the "30-50 feral hogs" meme reveals about Americans' twisted view of our relationship with wildlife.



Trump Administration Reauthorizes Use Of 'Cyanide Bombs' To Kill Wild Animals  news9.com KWTV

The Environmental Protection Agency has recently reauthorized the use of controversial chemical traps to kill coyotes, dogs, foxes and other wild animals across ...



Boar wars: how wild hogs are trashing European cities  The Guardian

The long read: They have become a menace in European cities. In Barcelona, where wild boar are jostling tourists and raiding rubbish bins, the fightback has ...



Dirty politics –  Lone Star Outdoor News

Story by Craig Nyhus, Lone Star Outdoor News. When a last-minute change to legislation is proposed, some who oppose the change may call it dirty pool.



Texas Statewide Quail Symposium Set for Aug. 14-16 in Abilene  Brownwood News

Brownwood News – Quail enthusiasts, get ready for the return of the Texas Statewide Quail Symposium Aug. 14-16. This semi-annual conference brings ...



Sheep and Goat Raisers Assn. elects new officers during 104th convention  Standard-Times

Jason Bannowsky of Menard named President of the Texas Sheep and Goat Raisers' Association during 104th annual convention held at the Y O Ranch Hotel.



Environmentalists seek to protect dunes sagebrush lizard  The Durango Herald

CARLSBAD, N.M. – A small lizard native to southeast New Mexico is the latest animal to spark a debate between environmentalists, the federal...



6 ways the border wall could disrupt the environment  National Geographic

Trump's plan to build a wall from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific could come with unintended consequences for wildlife and people.



As Work Begins on Trump's Border Wall, a Key Wildlife Refuge Is at Risk  Yale Environment 360

Construction is underway on a stretch of President Trump's border wall cutting through the Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge in Texas.



TWA serves Texas wildlife and its habitat –  Lone Star Outdoor News

Protecting Texas property rights, hunting heritage, and the conservation efforts of those who value and steward wildlife resources. Story by David Yeates, CEO of ...



"Bred simply to be shot": Inside America's exotic hunting industry  CBS News

Texas ranches stock their grounds with exotic animals like wildebeest, and hunters pay thousands of dollars to shoot them.



Post-Harvey, Texas State Aquarium seeks funds for new wildlife rescue center  The Texas Tribune

Before Hurricane Harvey, state aquarium staff evacuated turtles, stingrays, dolphins and other recovering animals from an aging rescue center they feared would ...



'Saving Wildlife: Texas' special on KPRC2  KPRC Click2Houston

HOUSTON - Learn how your family can save interesting animals across our state in our KPRC2 special, 'Saving Wildlife: Texas.' Texas may be filled with cows ...



Texas parks department, advocates pushing Congress to reauthorize key conservation fund  The Texas Tribune

The chief of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department says the absence of the 54-year-old Land and Water Conservation Fund is a "substantial loss" for state ...



Why a Border Wall Could Mean Trouble for Wildlife  The New York Times

If the Trump administration extends the wall at the southern border, it could degrade important habitats for animals and plants, even birds and insects.



Texas wildlife: 11 resources & activities for kids  KPRC Click2Houston

HOUSTON - Here are some educational activities and activity packets for children regarding Texas animals, conservation and wildlife. Click the following links to ...



Texas parks, historic sites could get more money if voters approve  The Texas Tribune

Advocates have pushed for years to put a constitutional amendment before voters to ensure Texas parks and historic sites get the maximum funding authorized ...



Texas Parks and Wildlife Foundation honors Lee and Ramona Bass  Fort Worth Star-Telegram

Fort Worth philanthropists Lee and Ramona Bass will be honored for their decades of *service* and advocacy Thursday when they are inducted into the Texas ...



Groups Sue Trump Over Border Wall Emergency  Public News Service

MISSION, Texas — Conservation groups are already challenging the Trump administration over its declaration of a national emergency to build border walls in ...



A future for red wolves may be found on Galveston Island, Texas  Science Daily

Red wolves, once nearly extinct, again teeter on the abyss. New research finds red wolf ancestry in Texas -- providing opportunities for additional conservation ...



PUBLIC LANDS: In Texas borderlands, wall fight hinges on nuance  E&E News

SANTA ANA NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, Texas — Just a few miles from the nation's southern border with Mexico, pristine hiking trails snake through quiet ...



New Deputy Secretary of the Interior has an alarming environmental record • Earth.com  Earth.com

Deputy Secretary of the Interior Susan Combs has called for more unbiased science used for endangered species protections, but her own record shows a clear ...



Widely misinterpreted report still shows catastrophic animal decline  National Geographic

The World Wildlife Fund For Nature's Living Planet Report released this week describes a catastrophic decline in animal populations the world over. But it was ...



New Central Texas wildlife park announces opening date  KWTX

A new Central Texas wildlife park is set to open in May.



New development displacing wildlife in Magnolia, Tomball  Community Impact Newspaper

Thousands of acres of undeveloped land in the Tomball and Magnolia areas are being cleared to make way for large developments and roads.



Celebrate National Wildlife Day with 5 Central Texas Wildlife Conservation Nonprofits  Austin Monthly

According to the Texas Almanac, the Lone Star State is home to more than 140 species of animals. Here in Austin, we're familiar with the snakes, raccoons, and ...



To Survive in Texas, Black Bears Need an Open Border  The Revelator

Bears are returning to the Lone Star State decades after being wiped out there, but a border wall between the U.S. and Mexico could end that recovery.



Texas Brigades accepting applications for summer leadership camps  Standard-Times

Texas Brigades, a nonprofit organization, is offering seven leadership camps that focus on natural resources and wildlife conservation.



Letting researchers study plants and animals on your Texas land can get you a property tax break  The Texas Tribune

A little-known and ill-defined provision in state statute offers big tax breaks to landowners who host university research on their property. Two lawmakers are ...



Lawsuit Challenges Trump Administration's Texas Border-wall Waivers  Center for Biological Diversity

WASHINGTON— Conservation groups sued the Trump administration today for waiving 28 conservation laws to speed construction of the border wall along the ...



State fills wildlife biologist positions in Southeast  KFSK

Posted by Joe Viechnicki | May 3, 2019. Wildlife conservation division regional supervisor Tom Schumacher presents information to the Board of Game at a ...



Green Mountain Energy Adds Solar Energy at Three Texas State Parks – Press Releases on CSRwire.com  CSRwire.com

GLEN ROSE, Texas, Apr. 18 /CSRwire/ - Green Mountain Energy and Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD) today announced the completion of solar ...



Budget deal could protect Catholic chapel, wildlife refuges from border wall  UPI News

Wildlife, butterflies and a historic church could win a last-minute reprieve against border wall construction if Congress passes, and President Donald Trump ...



Once Common, Texas Horned Lizard Now Being Captive-Bred and Reintroduced  National Geographic

The horned lizard, the state reptile of Texas, is up against a myriad of threats. Scientists are hoping reintroduction will help it survive.



Texas A&M Natural Resources Institute supporting National Pollinator Week  AgriLife Today

National Pollinator Week is June 17-23, and the Texas A&M Natural Resources Institute and others continue efforts to promote pollinator populations.



Powderhorn Ranch becomes wildlife management area | Calhoun  Victoria Advocate

More than 15000 acres of the Powderhorn Ranch along the Texas coast in Calhoun County, prime unspoiled coastal prairie, is now a state wildlife management ...



Some Texas ranches tout hunting exotic animals as a way to support conservation  ABC News

A sprawling, high-fenced, 18000-acre preserve is home to over 60 different species of majestic animals, including giraffes, Cape buffalos and gemsbok.



‘All it Took was 25 Years’: Legislature Ponies Up Cash for Underfunded Texas Parks  The Texas Observer

Texas state parks have been a convenient piggy bank for the Legislature whenever money was short elsewhere, but this session they got their due. Lawmakers ...



Butterfly Preserve On The Border Threatened By Trump's Wall  NPR

Editor's note: This story was updated on Dec. 3. On an average day at the National Butterfly Center, a 100-acre wildlife center and botanical garden in South ...



Statewide Quail Symposium set Aug. 14-16 in Abilene  AgriLife Today

The 2019 Statewide Quail Symposium will take place Aug. 14-16 at the MCM Elegante Hotel in Abilene.Go to https://quailsymposium.nri.tamu.edu/ for info.



A New Wildlife Bill Would Protect Texas' Numerous At-Risk Animals  Houstonia Magazine

Nationwide, there are about 15,000 species that are of greatest conservation need or endangered, some 1,310 of them in Texas. But a new bipartisan bill called ...



Has Hunting Become a Rich Man’s Game?  Texas Monthly

When Andrew Sansom was named executive director of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department in 1990, he boldly took on the challenge of uniting ...



Interior Dept. officials downplayed federal wildlife experts' concerns about Trump’s border wall, documents show  The Washington Post

Federal government scientists raised red flags last year about President Trump's proposed wall for the U.S.-Mexico border, suggesting that it could harm the ...



Where the border wall is under construction  The Washington Post

Despite a partial government shutdown that lasted nearly 35 days, President Trump's efforts to secure border wall funding fizzled last month. However, that has ...



Razor wire endangers wildlife at U.S.-Mexico border, environmentalists say  UPI News

Razor wire laid at the U.S.-Mexico border endangers gray wolves and rare jaguars, cutting them off from food, water and mating partners, environmentalists said.



Zombie deer steadily approaching Texas  WOAI

SAN ANTONIO (WOAI/KABB) - Our worst fears have come true. Zombie Deer are real and they're coming for us (well, kind of). According to a recent post in the ...



Texas Brigades youth leadership summer camps accepting applications  AgriLife Today

Applications are being accepted for the Texas Brigades leadership camps. Located throughout Texas, these camps serve youth 13-17. Click to learn more.



'Sneak Preview' of the Neches River National Wildlife Refuge set this weekend  Jacksonville Daily Progress

Texas Conservation Alliance invites everyone for a “Sneak Preview” of the Neches River National Wildlife Refuge this coming Saturday, September 29, 9 a.m. to ...



Texas Parks & Wildlife Proposes Changes for Hunting & Fishing  News/Talk 790 KFYO

Numerous changes, including to fishing at Lake Alan Henry and the creation of a new javelina hunting season in the South Plains and Texoma, are being ...



Naked City - EPA Rejects Coyote Cyanide Ban: Feds reject effort to remove unsafe animal-control tool from use - News  Austin Chronicle

Feds reject effort to remove unsafe animal-control tool from use.



See what taxidermy treasures this South Texas wildlife refuge uncovered, displays for free  Corpus Christi Caller-Times

South Texas' largest exhibit of rare, endangered, common and extinct taxidermy birds of the world on display at the Welder Foundation in Sinton.



How Texas Parks and Historic Sites Are Dealing With the Government Shutdown  Texas Monthly

Volunteers and others step in to help maintain Big Bend, the San Antonio missions, and other beloved sites, but fears about lasting damage grow as the impasse ...



Attend the best hunting auction in South Texas –  Lone Star Outdoor News

Join DSC South Texas for the 3rd Annual Wildlife Legacy Gala and Auction, the best hunting auction in South Texas! It will be a wild night filled with amazing ...



The Texas Soil Health Short Course | Calendar  Victoria Advocate

Attendees will learn how to improve their land management and agricultural operations by increasing biological wealth through ecological principles. Farm and ...



California government wants to get more people hunting  San Francisco Chronicle

Shine up your rifle and break out the camo: The state of California is encouraging its eco-minded residents to get outside and start shooting. The California ...



Texas butterfly sanctuary files emergency restraining order to stop Trump's border wall construction  Dallas News

The National Butterfly Center has filed for a restraining order to keep federal agents and contractors — who plan to build a border wall through...



As Black Bears Slowly Return to Texas, Border Wall Could Jeopardize Recovery  Earth Island Journal

As a child Diana Doan-Crider loved hearing her grandfather's tales of the grizzly bears and wolves he saw in the early 1900s while working to build Mexico's ...



Wild Pig Management Workshop set June 27 in Dawson  AgriLife Today

A Wild Pig Management Workshop and stakeholder meeting related to the Richland-Chambers watershed will held on June 27 in Dawson.



Quail Appreciation Day set for March 21 at Long Acres Ranch  AgriLife Today

RICHMOND — Landowners with an interest in quail management, hunters, wildlife enthusiasts and others will enjoy learning about one of Texas' most iconic ...



Huge 'Prehistoric' Alligator Gar Caught in Oklahoma's Lake Texoma  Newsweek

An Oklahoma fisherman hit the jackpot over the Easter weekend. Zachary Sutterfield from Durant caught a huge "prehistoric fish" during an outing on Lake ...



AgriLife Extension Wild Pig Management Workshop set for May 7 in Lincoln  AgriLife Today

The Texas A&M AgriLife Extension *Service* will conduct a Wild Pig Management Workshop for landowners May 7 in Lincoln.



'Death sentence': butterfly sanctuary to be bulldozed for Trump's border wall  The Guardian

More than 200 species make their homes at America's most diverse sanctuary, but construction through the reserve could begin in February.



Frank Yturria’s Conservation Legacy  KVEO-TV

One of South Texas's most prominent citizens died this week, and our Outdoor Reporter Richard Moore lost a cherished friend with the death of rancher Frank ...



Joe Exotic: A Dark Journey Into the World of a Man Gone Wild  Texas Monthly

He called himself the Tiger King and plastered his face on highway billboards in Texas and Oklahoma. He bred big cats, bears, baboons, and more. He lived ...



Dallas banking executive paid $110000 to hunt down rare mountain goat in Pakistan  Dallas News

A Dallas-area mortgage banking executive paid $110,000 to kill a rare mountain goat in Pakistan as part of a conservation program used to reduce poaching of ...



Trump’s wall could be devastating for wildlife and endangered species along Mexico border  The Independent

As the fight continues over Donald Trump's demand to extend the border wall between the United States and Mexico, one thing is clear: Whatever the wall's ...



Wildlife safari park slated to open in Brazos County in 2019  KBTX

A new wildlife safari park is expected to open in Brazos County in the Spring/Summer of 2019.



Texas Parks and Wildlife: State park could close if Trump builds border wall through it  The Texas Tribune

The Texas Parks and Wildlife Department has warned U.S. Border Patrol that it could be forced to shutter a beloved state park on the southern tip of the state if ...



Butterfly conservationists face off with excavators at border wall construction site  CNN

As President Donald Trump prepares to sell Congress on the border wall at Tuesday's State of the Union, a butterfly conservation group is putting itself in the ...



Rattlesnake roundups are a southern tradition. They're also an ecological disaster.  Popular Science

Rattlesnake hunting dates dates back to the 1700s, but the use of gasoline to push snakes out of their holes has far-reaching implications for the environment.



Verify: Are there more tigers in Texas than in the wild?  WFAA.com

Texas is a national leader in a lot of obvious ways like energy, technology and construction. But have you ever heard there are more tigers in Texas than in the ...



Trump’s border wall will destroy wildlife habitat and create 6,500 acres of “no man’s lands”  Vox.com

The Department of Homeland Security is moving forward to build 17 miles of border barriers through protected areas in Texas.



Border Barrier No One Wants Grows Without Money to Slow Spread  Bloomberg Environment

Carrizo cane is the border wall no one wants. A pernicious plant on the banks of the Rio Grande along the U.S.-Mexico border, carrizo cane (Arundo donax) ...



Blood and Beauty on a Texas Exotic-Game Ranch  The New York Times

UVALDE, Tex. — On a ranch at the southwestern edge of the Texas Hill Country, a hunting guide spotted her cooling off in the shade: an African reticulated ...



Drift Inn Wildlife Sanctuary: Aiding Mother Nature  San Marcos Daily Record



Proposed border wall will harm Texas plants and animals, scientists say  Science Daily

In the latest peer-reviewed publication on the potential impacts of a border wall on plants and animals, conservation biologists say that border walls threaten to ...



Animal Park to open in Bryan-College Station  Texas A&M The Battalion

Comprising over 450 acres of land that features a self drive-thru portion, a professionally guided tour, and a Walk-Through Zoo full of hundreds of exotic and ...



National Cowgirl Museum and Hall of Fame announces 2019 inductees and award winner  High Plains Journal

The National Cowgirl Museum and Hall of Fame will welcome five 2019 Inductees and a recipient of a new award at the 44th Annual Induction Luncheon and ...



Can Texas Protect Its Creepy, Tiny, Blind, Rare Wildlife?  National Geographic

San Antonio, TexasA ritual of nature is happening in the woody hills around Austin and San Antonio. The first golden-cheeked warblers, with brilliant yellow ...



Tigers prowl Texas backyards  DW (English)

A couple of thousand tigers — many owned as pets — live in Texas. That gives the US state the second-largest population of the endangered species in the ...



Rare Wildcat Spotted in Texas  National Geographic

Camera traps in a south Texas wildlife refuge spotted a new ocelot roaming through the park. Only about 50 individuals have been identified in the state.



Trump's border wall could place several endangered animals at risk  Quartz

In the Rio Grande Valley of Texas, endangered animals and plants ranging from big cats to rare bats face threats to their habitats posed by wall construction.



License plates featuring bass fish enhance TPWD conservation  Times Record News

Purchasing Texas Parks and Wildlife Department large-mouth bass conservation license plates aids conservation.



Lone Star Adventure: Sharkarosa Wildlife Ranch  FOX 4 News

This week's Lone Star Adventure takes us to a unique North Texas wildlife ranch that started out as a private sanctuary, but is increasingly becoming a rescue ...



Illegal Wildlife Trade Booming Across U.S.-Mexico Border  National Geographic

President Trump vows to stop illegal immigration from Mexico, but what about all the wildlife coming illegally across the border?



Great flocks of snow geese arrive in Houston from chilly breeding grounds along the Alaskan tundra and across the Canadian Arctic and Hudson Bay.  Houston Chronicle

Great flocks of snow geese drift down from the sky onto coastal prairies and inland farm fields, blanketing the landscape in glimmering white. They arrive from ...



Coyote Carnage: The Gruesome Truth about Wildlife Killing Contests  Yale Environment 360

Coyote killing competitions, where contestants vie to shoot the most animals, are held throughout the U.S. But some hunting groups are denouncing these ...



The weirdest Texas game warden stories of 2018  Chron

The stories you are about to read are true. The names have been left out to protect the innocent...and sometimes, the down-right stupid. Every day the men and ...



Over 140 Horned Lizard Hatchlings Released in State Park  NBC 5 Dallas-Fort Worth

The Texas Parks and Wildlife Department released more than 140 Texas horned lizard hatchlings Wednesday in a state park.



TPWD announces proposed alligator gar regulation changes  North Texas e-News

The Texas Parks and Wildlife Department is proposing changes to fishing regulations for alligator gar, the largest and longest-lived freshwater fish in the state, ...



Winter Birding: Fall, spring great, but cool now, too  San Antonio Express-News

While the fall and spring migrations top the list of Texas bird watchers, winter is a fine time to catch species that hold up in the state as well as natives and others ...



A 1,200-Mile Wilderness Trip Down the Proposed Border Wall  Backpacker Magazine

A biologist explores the route of the White House's proposed border wall by canoe and horse.



The birdwatching paradise in the shadow of Trump's wall  The Telegraph

“Shhh,” said Raul Garza. “There's one right there.” A flash of electric blue announces a green jay, which hops down and peers at us quizzically before flitting ...



Frisco Launches Interactive Map To Track Coyote Sightings, Attacks  CBS Dallas / Fort Worth

Denton Latest City To Launch Coyote Sighting Map. FRISCO, Texas (CBSDFW.COM) – The City of Frisco is launching a new, interactive map designed to help ...



Oilfield suppliers encroaching on threatened West Texas lizard  The Texas Tribune

The state's endangered species chief says a plan to protect the dunes sagebrush lizard is facing a "significant threat" from companies that mine the fine-grain ...



Field Notes from Santa Ana  The Texas Observer

The Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge is a 3.3-square-mile tract of protected forest, wedged between the winding Rio Grande and the booming development of ...



Another Jogger Attacked By Coyote In Frisco  CBS Dallas / Fort Worth

FRISCO, Texas (CBSDFW.COM) – A man jogging in Frisco early Tuesday morning was attacked by a coyote, according to Frisco Police. Police said it happened ...



Future Of Butterfly Center Tied To Border Wall  Houston Public Media

Conservationists say a border wall would eradicate an enormous amount of native habitat at The National Butterfly Center in Mission, Texas.


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